Bernard Leroy


Born in 1948. National of France. Honorary Deputy Prosecutor General. 

Degrees in Law from the University of Caen, Institute of European Studies of Saarbrucken, Germany, and University Paris X. Graduate of the French National School for the Judiciary (1979).

Previously held positions of Director of the International Institute of Research against Counterfeit Medicines (NGO) (2013-2020). Deputy General Prosecutor, Versailles Court of Appeal, 2010-2013. Senior Legal Adviser, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (1990-2010). Adviser in charge of international, legislative and legal affairs in the French National Drug Coordination (1988-1990). Investigating judge specializing in drug cases, Evry High Court (1979-1988). Head of the Legal Assistance Programme, UNODC, and Coordinator of the decentralized team of legal experts, Bogota, Tashkent and Bangkok (1990-2010). Leader of the legal assistance team assisting the Government of Afghanistan in the drafting process of the new drug control law, 2004. Co-author of the preparatory study for the law introducing community service sentencing as an alternative to imprisonment in France (1981). Co-founder of "Essonne Accueil", a non-governmental organization providing treatment services for drug addicts (1982). Member of the French delegation for the final negotiations of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, 1988. Chair of the study group on cocaine trafficking in Europe, Council of Europe (1989). Author of the report resulting in the first European political coordinating committee to combat drugs (1989). Chair of the World Bank and UNODC joint team (the Stolen Asset Recovery (StAR) Initiative) which organized the freezing and subsequent recovery in Switzerland of the assets stolen by the former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier in Haiti (2008).

Organizer of the lifelong learning programme on combating drug trafficking and addiction for members of the French judiciary, French National School for the Judiciary (1984-1994). Lecturer for medical graduates in psychiatry in the field of forensic expertise and responsibility, Faculty of Medicine, Paris-Sud University (1983-1990). Lecturer in the field of social work, University of Paris 13 (1984-1988). Lecturer for second year Master's courses in Security and Public International Law, Jean Moulin Lyon 3 University (2005-2013).

Member of the Executive Board of the international section of the National Association of Drug Court Professionals (2006). External member of the Management Board of the French Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (2013). Member of the committee of the Reynaud report (2013). Honours: chevalier of the Legion of Honour.

Selected publications include "Le travail au profit de la communauté, substitut aux courtes peines d'emprisonnement", Revue de science criminelle et de droit comparé, No. 1 (Sirey, 1983); Drogues et drogués, École nationale de la magistrature, studies and research (1983); Étude comparative des législations et des pratiques judiciaires européennes face à la drogue (Commission of the European Communities, 1991); Ecstasy, Inserm Collective Expertise series (Editions Inserm, 1997); The International Drug Control System, in cooperation with Cherif Bassiouni and J.F. Thony, in International Criminal Law: Sources, Subjects and Contents (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2007); Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law, Neil Boister and Robert Curie, eds. (Routledge, 2014).

Member of the International Narcotics Control Board (since 2015) [1]. Rapporteur (2015, 2018 and 2020). Member of the Standing Committee on Estimates (2016). Member of the Committee on Finance and Administration (2019 and 2021).

[1] Elected by the Economic and Social Council on 23 April 2014; re-elected by the Council for a five-year term (2020-2025) on 7 May 2019.

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